*Originally submitted in Spanish and translated to English by the Secretariat
Chile reaffirms its commitment to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals, which require the engagement of all actors to ensure that no one is left behind.
With the creation of the National Council for the Implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, composed of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Business Development and Tourism, the Ministry of Social Development and the Ministry of the Environment, progress has been made in establishing, disseminating and developing a national study relating to the Sustainable Development Goals in order to identify public policies and private initiatives that could contribute to their implementation, and also address gaps and challenges.
A government network for the Sustainable Development Goals has been developed, and committees and working groups composed of public institutions, the private sector, civil society, academia and United Nations system organizations have been established.
Other notable initiatives include awareness-raising workshops, national and regional dialogues hosted by the Government and the “Dialogues for a Sustainable Chile” organized by civil society. In addition, public-private dialogues were conducted through civil society councils, including the National Indigenous Council and the Council of Social Responsibility for Sustainable Development of the Ministry of Economic Affairs.
As a middle-income country, a member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development and one of the most open economies in the world, Chile faces significant long-term challenges: reaching sustainable and inclusive development; reducing poverty and inequality; addressing climate change; and strengthening democratic institutions.
Chile reaffirms the integrality, indivisibility, universality and equal importance of the Sustainable Development Goals, which must be implemented as a shared responsibility between the State, civil society and economic actors in order to achieve sustainable economic and social development within the framework of inclusive economic growth; decent and productive work; the protection and promotion of human rights, through non-fragmented, redistributive policies with an emphasis on social investment; and by regulating the rights of market actors and promoting social cohesion, non-discrimination and environmental sustainability.
The 2030 Agenda is in line with the government programme, the previous and ongoing tax, education and labour reforms, and the expansion of the social protection system. These efforts, together with the development of strong institutions focused on indigenous peoples and youth, aim to reduce inequalities, protect rights and strengthen inclusion.
In the social sphere, income poverty has decreased to 11.7 per cent of the population (as at 2015) according to the national calculation method, and to 0.3 per cent according to the international calculation method. However, 20.9 per cent of the population experiences multidimensional poverty and marked income inequality persists. Consequently, comprehensive and cross-cutting efforts are required to protect, strengthen the capacities and guarantee the rights of vulnerable groups — women, youth, indigenous peoples, immigrants, the elderly, persons with disabilities and homeless people — while reducing gender and geographical gaps.
The Productivity, Innovation and Growth Agenda focuses on diversifying the production matrix, developing high-potential sectors, democratizing entrepreneurship and innovation, and increasing the productivity and competitiveness of small and medium enterprises. The Council of Social Responsibility for Sustainable Development and the Advisory Council on Gender oversee the implementation of public policies to promote corporate and social responsibility and equality between men and women. The Gender Parity Initiative is a public-private partnership aimed at reducing the economic gender gap. The Promotion Project focuses on ensuring greater representation of women in high-level leadership roles in private businesses.
The national environmental policy establishes conditions and incentives to strengthen sustainability by ensuring quality of life, environmental equity and ecosystem protection, as well as by promoting a green growth strategy through the national action plan on climate change, the national programme for sustainable consumption, and production and market-based instruments for environmental management. Further efforts which focus on the expansion of protected areas include a national biodiversity strategy, the legislative process to establish a Division for Biodiversity and Protected Areas, the Recycling Promotion Act and new plans to combat atmospheric pollution in cities. The environmental impact evaluation system, the promotion of local environmental management and the strategic environmental assessment are advancing sustainable territorial management. The Environmental Training Academy and the network of environmental education centres are also contributing to progress in this area.
Access to justice and the strengthening of institutions, democracy and citizen participation are prerequisites for inclusive and sustainable development. In that connection, the Probity and Transparency Agenda reflects the commitment of Chile to improving the quality of public policy and activities.
In conclusion, Chile reaffirms its commitment to revitalizing the global partnership for sustainable development and global governance mechanisms in pursuit of a peaceful, just and inclusive society free from violence.
Director of Political Multilateral Affairs
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ms. Karen González
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
|Country Profile 2002||CSD-12; CSD-13;|
|Pre-WSSD National Report|
The best opportunity to slow the rate of near-term warming globally and in sensitive regions such as the Arctic is by cutting emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) – most notably methane, black carbon and some hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Widespread reductions, which complement the need for aggressive global action on carbon dioxide, contribute significantly to the goal of limiting warming to less than two degrees. Reducing SLCPs can also advance national priorities such as protecting air quality and public health, promoting food security, enhancing energy efficiency, and alleviat...[more]
At present, Chile does not have an Ocean Policy. In this regard there is not an effective coordination within all the actions that take place in the protection, conservation and sustainable use of our ocean. This year, Chile created the Council of Ministers for the Development of Ocean Policy, it is composed of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Defense, the Minister of Economy and the Minister of Environment. The main objective of this council is to propose to the President of the Republic the National Oceanic Policy, containing the set of orientations, scope, priorities, in...[more]
The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]
The National Government, Region of Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica and its Regional Council (CORE) are working on an agenda for the implementation of the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve (CHBR), which includes incorporating the Diego Ramrez Islands. It proposes the creation of a Marine Protected Area that will protect representative coastal and ocean ecosystems, which are part of Chile's exclusive economic zone and are at the southern-tip of the sub-Antarctic Magellanic natural laboratory, one of the most important in the world. With the addition of Diego Ramrez Islands, a large conservation a...[more]
Chile's National Climate Change Action Plan establishes a framework for all of the nation's activities aimed at evaluating the impact, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change and mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. It seeks to respond to the imperative made clear by recent scientific evidence regarding projected climate change during the 21st century, from which our country is not exempt. It also aims to fulfill the commitment Chile made when it signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Source: The Action Plan is intended to bring together a number of public po...[more]
Colombia se compromete en la implementacin de una aproximacin integrada para la sostenibilidad de los ecosistemas marinos y costeros desde una perspectiva de crecimiento azul para la regin del Pacfico Sudeste, en el marco del proyecto SPINCAM fase 3
The main objective of this partnership is to help the reconstruction of the primary school "Republic of Chile," where 584 girls study. This is one of the few public schools in Haiti, a country in which about half of the population is illiterate. The school was severely damaged after the earthquake that struck the country in 2010, and since then girls from preschool through ninth grade were relocated to other educational establishments in Port au Prince. The new school will have a better infrastructure, based on Chilean seismic standards, to provide a safe environment for the students. It will...[more]
SCX, Santiago Climate Exchange, is the first private initiative of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere, and the first to adopt the strictest criteria and methodologies for tracking the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG), worldwide. The overall objective is the creation and development of a large greenhouse gas emissions reduction industry in Chile. Source: Through a clear methodology, the SCX will provide access to any individual interested in carrying out CO2 emission reduction projects, to issue carbon credits and simultaneously will allow companies to reduce their emissions throug...[more]
The partnership between various public institutions and the private sector in the Dominican Republic aims at promoting the implementation of decentralized, biomass-based energy production in industrial free zones to reduce GHG emissions, while contributing to their competitiveness. The partnership thus aims to demonstrate and promote the viability and benefits of decentralized electricity generation in the country, both for self-supply and for sales of surplus electricity to the national grid, by making optimum use of available, domestic biomass resources. The objective is countering current h...[more]