Main messages of Peru's 2020 National Voluntary Report on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development
This document synthesizes the main issues regarding the formulation of the Strategic National Development Plan (PEDN) in the context of the COVID-19 emergency, as the main mechanism to implement national objectives within the framework of National Policies, the Long-term Vision, the General Government Policy and the 2030 Agenda.
2. The formulation of the Strategic National Development Plan (PEDN), in severe adverse conditions
In 2017, the importance of formulating the long-term National Development Plan within the framework of the National Strategic Planning System was reported.
In 2018, a more demanding framework for national policies was established, including the definition of objectives and their implementation.
In 2019, the National Agreement Forum, after two years, approved the Vision of Peru. It is the society-state agreement by consensus.
The Vision and General Government policy (2018) include the five spheres of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: people, planet, prosperity, peace and alliances; and together with the State Policies they provide the framework for the specific development objectives for the country.
The National Development Plan is the tool for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and includes development plans, provincial and departmental, whose formulation process is severely affected by COVID-19.
3. Integration of economic, social, environmental and institutional policies from the local level. The challenge of diversity.
The formulation of the PEDN under normal conditions integrates dialogue processes of policies and plans from the local level, passing to the district, provincial, and departmental levels through concerted development plans established in the Peruvian Constitution since 2002. From the district level, there are participation mechanisms that are still weak. The plans in each territory include the private and the public in complex and diverse local contexts. The formulation was stopped with the National Emergency by COVID 19.
Among the advances in the framework of sustainable development we can highlight:
a) The approval of the universalization of health (2019). Peru faces gaps in services and basic care coverage.
b) The start of formulation of development plans agreed in the 26 departments (2019) with long-term orientations.
c) Formal approval and start of implementation of the General Government Policy in 2018, with emphasis on improving national policies focused on national objectives and the Development Plan,
4. Challenges and next steps
The main current challenge of the Peruvian society and state is to avoid deaths and damages due to COVID-19 and to begin to recover productive capacity in priority products focused on the well-being of people in their communities in complex realities with a preventive focus.
For this, it is necessary:
a) Achieve immediate agreements on priorities to face the emergency and move to a new normal. Discussion will begin to add activities under extreme adverse conditions to the policies (in the General Government Policy to 2021 and the State Policies of the National Agreement). That work is being resumed digitally taking into account the extraordinary national and world situation.
b) Focus activities associated with conditions and priority products for the population. Increasing attention deserves safety, hygiene and prevention in sectors such as agriculture, fishing, forestry, livestock, commerce, transport and tourism. Prevention and avoiding damage are cross-cutting to ensure people's lives towards a new normality in public and private activities, progressively including continuous improvement of services and social welfare in the shortest possible time.
c) In the remaining months of 2020, the revised national priorities will make it possible to simplify development plans in as many provinces as possible, and using, even virtually, institutional mechanisms for national and local participation. The integration of them at the departmental level will lead to 26, still very imperfect, development plans of the departments, which in turn will serve as input for the PEDN in severe and uncertain adverse conditions.
d) The National Development Plan will accelerate the implementation of the 2030 Agenda, with people, households and communities at the center and integrating the objectives of economic, social, environmental and institutional policies around their lives.
Mensajes principales del Informe Nacional Voluntario 2020 del Perú sobre la implementación de la Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible
Este documento sintetiza los asuntos principales sobre la formulación del Plan Estratégico de Desarrollo Nacional (PEDN) en el contexto de la emergencia COVID-19, como principal mecanismo para implementar objetivos nacionales en el marco de las Políticas Nacionales, la Visión de largo plazo, la Política General de Gobierno y la Agenda 2030.
2. La formulación del Plan Estratégico de Desarrollo Nacional (PEDN), en condiciones adversas severas
El 2017 se informó la importancia de la formulación del Plan de Desarrollo Nacional de largo plazo en el marco del Sistema Nacional de Planeamiento Estratégico.
El 2018 se estableció un marco más exigente para las políticas nacionales incluyendo la definición de objetivos y su implementación.
En 2019 el Foro del Acuerdo Nacional, después de dos años, aprobó la Visión del Perú. Es el acuerdo sociedad - Estado por consenso.
La Visión y la política General de Gobierno (2018) incluyen las cinco esferas de la Agenda 2030 para el Desarrollo Sostenible: personas, planeta, prosperidad, paz y alianzas; y junto con las Políticas de Estado dan el marco para los objetivos de desarrollo específicos para el país.
El Plan de Desarrollo Nacional es la herramienta para la implementación de la Agenda 2030 e incluye planes de desarrollo, provinciales y departamentales, cuyo proceso de formulación está severamente afectado por el COVID-19.
3. Integración de políticas económicas, sociales, ambientales e institucionales desde lo local. El desafío de la diversidad.
La formulación del PEDN en condiciones normales integra procesos dialogados de políticas y planes desde el nivel local, pasando al distrital, al provincial, al departamental mediante planes de desarrollo concertados establecidos en la Constitución del Perú desde 2002. Desde el nivel distrital, se cuenta con mecanismos de participación que aún son débiles. Los planes en cada territorio incluyen lo privado y lo público en contextos locales complejos y diversos. La formulación se detuvo con la Emergencia Nacional por COVID 19.
Entre los avances en el marco de desarrollo sostenible se puede resaltar:
a) La aprobación de la universalización de la salud (2019). Perú enfrenta brechas en los servicios y en cobertura de atención básica.
b) El inicio de formulación de planes de desarrollo concertado en los 26 departamentos (2019) con orientaciones de largo plazo.
c) La aprobación formal e inicio de implementación de la Política General de Gobierno el 2018, con énfasis en mejora de políticas nacionales centradas en objetivos nacionales y el Plan de Desarrollo,
4. Desafíos y próximos pasos
El principal desafío actual de la sociedad y el Estado peruano es evitar muertes y daños debido al COVID-19 y empezar a recuperar capacidad productiva en productos prioritarios enfocados en el bienestar de las personas en sus comunidades en realidades complejas con un enfoque preventivo.
Para ello, es necesario:
a) Lograr acuerdos inmediatos en las prioridades para enfrentar la emergencia y transitar a una nueva normalidad. Se iniciará la discusión para añadir a las políticas las actividades en condiciones adversas extremas (en la Política General de Gobierno al 2021 y las Políticas de Estado del Acuerdo Nacional). Se está retomando ese trabajo de manera digital tomando en cuenta la situación extraordinaria nacional y mundial.
b) Focalizar actividades asociadas a condiciones y productos prioritarios para la población. Creciente atención merece la inocuidad, higiene y prevención en sectores como agricultura, pesca, forestal, ganadero, comercio, transportes y turismo. La prevención y el evitar daños son transversales para asegurar la vida de las personas hacia una nueva normalidad en actividades públicas y privadas, incluyendo progresivamente mejora continua de servicios y previsión social en los plazos más cortos posibles.
c) En los meses que quedan de 2020 las prioridades nacionales revisadas permitirán elaborar simplificadamente los planes de desarrollo en un mayor número de provincias posibles y utilizando, aún de manera virtual, mecanismos institucionales de participación nacional y local. La integración de ellos a nivel departamental dará lugar a 26, aún muy imperfectos, planes de desarrollo de los departamentos, que a su vez servirán de insumo para el PEDN en condiciones adversas severas e inciertas.
d) El Plan de desarrollo nacional permitirá acelerar la implementación de la Agenda 2030 teniendo al centro a las personas, hogares y comunidades e integra alrededor de sus vidas los objetivos de políticas económicas, sociales, ambientales e institucionales.
*Originally submitted in Spanish and translated to English by the Secretariat
Updating of sectoral policies and direction of subnational policies
Since September 2016, the Peruvian State has focused its efforts to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development on an initial updating of national-level sectoral policies, incorporating the aims of the Agenda into its methods for establishing policies and plans. In that connection, an initial exercise to align sectoral policies with the Goals and targets by 2021, with an eye to the 2030 deadline, was undertaken in October 2016. Similarly, the multi-level Government coordination bodies have been strengthened to promote the refocusing of subnational policies within a national context.
Vision for the future in the run-up to 2030
The above notwithstanding, a new round of updates to policies and plans is needed to pursue sustainable development. This will require an agreed vision for the country in the run-up to 2030, leading to a review of State policy as a foundation for the updating of the Strategic Plan for National Development, the document which provides guidance for harmonious, sustainable, lasting and decentralized development.
Building this vision of the future demands an in-depth knowledge of the reality of the country, and this entails knowing the day-to-day local circumstances of the population (ecosystems, catchment areas, direction of development), and being aware of characteristics, needs and gaps in infrastructure and access to public services across the country. Also required is an understanding of the actual opportunity for access to services in every population centre.
It is important to emphasize that the process of consultation on a vision for the country’s future did not begin with the 2030 Agenda commitments. It dates back to 2001, with the establishment of forums for interaction between society and the State, such as the Roundtables for Poverty Reduction and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, and the building of a National Agreement to establish a shared vision of “the country we want”, with the aim of uniting society and making possible the development of State policies and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
Proposed outline for the future
Although the consultation process is continuing, the Peruvian State already has an outline for the future of the country in the run-up to 2030, based on an initial analysis of the outlook for that period. The outline provides a basis for dialogue on the agreed vision for the future of the country, with the aim of guiding policies and plans even while facing emergencies and natural disasters.
In connection with the with the 2030 Agenda, the proposed outline makes explicit reference to peace, prosperity and the building of links with people and the planet, along with the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. The proposed outline addresses the main aspects of sustainable development and contains input and preliminary thoughts on the future of the country, with a focus on people and a desire to pursue full development that leaves no one behind, retaining a balance between economic development and environmental protection that tackles climate change.
The voluntary national report describes the progress that Peru has made in implementing the 2030 Agenda and building its vision of the future. Achieving the desired results requires the Peruvian State to meet the multiple challenges involved in translating the proposed outline for the future into action in the national context. That includes the process of ensuring that individuals and institutions in the country genuinely understand the need to guarantee full enjoyment of fundamental rights, the need to the achieve national sustainable development targets, and the way in which those targets are connected with the Sustainable Development Goals.
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