- The first priority is to reduce social security charges, mainly with the emergency plan for employment, which should see one million people hired in 2016.
- The second priority is to improve vocational training with the reform of the national vocational training system and measures taken in 2016 to double the number of training courses for jobseekers. The aim is to train a total of one million people or 20% of all jobseekers.
- Lastly, although an average 600,000 employees will retire each year through to 2020, a total of 700,000 young people per year will enter the labour market at the same time. The Act of 1 March 2013 hence introduced the Intergenerational Contract to foster youth employment. This scheme hires young people on open-ended contracts, retains older workers and smooths the transfer of vocational skills. In September 2015, over 100,000 young and older workers were on an Intergenerational Contract.
Head of Development and Sustainable Development Department
French Mission to the United Nations
National information to external website: http://www.conference-rio2012.gouv.fr/
Ms Rachel ROUCHOUSE
Permanent Mission of France to the U.N.
One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza
885 Second Av. (bet. 47 & 48th Sts), 44th floor - NEW YORK 10017
Cell 1 561 307 75 10 | prof. 1 212 702 49 33
|2009 NSDS Profile|
|Country Profile NSDS 2009-2013|
|Country Profile NSDS 2009-2013 (French)|
|Link to Country's NSDS|
|2009 Indicators Profile|
The 10YFP Sustainable Food Systems Programme (SFS Programme) is a global multi-stakeholder initiative to accelerate the shift towards more sustainable food systems, all along the food value chain, from farm to fork. Among its focus themes are the promotion of sustainable diets; the reduction of food losses and waste; and strengthening resilient and diverse food production systems. The SFS Programme promotes activities that fall under these topics, in the areas of awareness raising, capacity development as well as facilitating access to knowledge, information and tools. The SFS Programme is one...[more]
The International Platform on Public-Private Partnerships for Sustainable Development focuses specifically on public-private partnerships (PPPs) which contribute to advancing sustainable development at the local level. It aims to build capacity on PPPs so that they can be leveraged as an efficient tool for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This collaborative initiative is twofold. It includes:- A physical component: regular international fora, providing training and networking opportunities. - A virtual component: a learning platform which builds capacity through ...[more]
The best opportunity to slow the rate of near-term warming globally and in sensitive regions such as the Arctic is by cutting emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) – most notably methane, black carbon and some hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Widespread reductions, which complement the need for aggressive global action on carbon dioxide, contribute significantly to the goal of limiting warming to less than two degrees. Reducing SLCPs can also advance national priorities such as protecting air quality and public health, promoting food security, enhancing energy efficiency, and alleviat...[more]
After decades of implementation and maturation as well as entirely positive development over the past several years, it is now necessary to move on to the sales volume growth phase, since we know that fair trade is driven by downstream demand, i.e. that increasing the numbers of producers who benefit from this type of trade depends directly on market growth. Targeted at developing a trade structure capable of delivering higher and more stable incomes for producers, this project improves living conditions in those communities that benefit from it, contributes to strengthening the way these pr...[more]
Ecole des Ponts ParisTech is an engineer school dealing with sustainable and resilient cities eco-conception, building and management, sustainable mobility, climate change, air and water management, sectorial economics and finance.
In Rio, the concept of sustainable development renewed this general-interest idea. It added the environmental variable to those of economics and social concerns. The regional integration of energy systems is a factor in sustainable development and in regional political stability. This is especially true for the ECOWAS countries. In these countries, reforms in the energy sector, carried out within the framework of liberalization programmes, have ensured the autonomy of businesses and, because of this, have deprived governments of their means of supervising and directing the market. Several of ...[more]
Only small parts of Estonian marine areas have currently maritime spatial plans. The objective is to cover the entire Estonian marine area with maritime spatial plans. These plans will address all the main issues related to the protection and sustainable use of the sea. The preparation of plans will include research in marine areas and public consultations.
The general objective of the Commission is to promote the effective conservation, management and development of the living marine resources of the area of competence of the Commission, in accordance with the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, and address common problems of fisheries management and development faced by members of the Commission. 16 of WECAFC's 35 members are considered small island developing States.
The commitment aims to reinforce the coalition The coalition brings together local and national governments. It aims at promoting the reduction of plastic waste pollution of the oceans and in particular the elimination of single-use plastic bags in all countries. The members of the coalition take the commitment to promote, in particular, elimination of these plastic bags in a consistent manner with existing international instruments and policies, and to share experience gained by States that already take action on this matter. The coalition also aims at: - coordinating and strength...[more]
2010: France announced 500 million euros for the period 2011-2015 to support the Muskoka initiative. Furthermore, France announces this week an increase by 20 % of its contribution to the Global Fund to fight AIDS, TB and Malaria over the period 2011-2013 (1.080 billion euros as compared to 900 million euros for the previous triennium).
France hosted the 14th Conference of the Parties to the Cartagena Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region from 13 to 17 March 2017 in Cayenne, French Guiana. To further stimulate the work of the Convention, and enhance regional coordinated action towards the protection of unique marine systems of the Wider Caribbean region, France recently joined the Caribbean Large Marine Ecosystem (CLME+) Project which assists participating countries from two large marine ecosystems (theCaribbean Large Marine Ecosystem and the North Brazil She...[more]
Objectives: IFRECOR's vocation is to promote the protection and sustainable management of coral reefs and their associated ecosystems, seagrasses and mangroves that are of major importance in the 9 concerned overseas territories. Organisation: the governance and the facilitation of the initiative are based on a national committee and a network of 9 overseas local committees, which meet every year to review the progress of the actions ; its action relies on a 5-years working programs defined at both local and national scales. It is followed by a secretariat (ministries in charge of ecology a...[more]
The Global Partnership for Sustainable Tourism is an organizational network of tourism stakeholders of the public and private sectors, non-profits, UN agencies and programmes, international organizations and academic institutions. Partner organizations share the common vision and understanding of the goal of "sustainable tourism" and collaborate internationally, regionally or nationally to transform tourism globally. The mission is to transform the way tourism is done worldwide by building partnerships to support the implementation of sustainable tourism practices at destinations through adop...[more]
France initiated the ecological transition of its economy from 2007 through the adoption of the "Grenelle Environment Roundtable" commitments, deployed in 2010 in a new National strategy of sustainable development towards a green and equitable economy". Source: France initiated the ecological transition of its economy from 2007 through the adoption of the "Grenelle Environment Roundtable" commitments, deployed in 2010 in a new "National strategy of sustainable development towards a green and equitable economy". The aim of the Environment Round Table, instigated by the President of France, Ni...[more]
Published on 12 July 2010, the Grenelle II Law presents concrete actions needed to reach the defined 2020 targets in six main sectors: buildings and urbanisation, transport, energy and climate, biodiversity, health and governance. Source:
The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]
Implement the management of 22 % of the French EEZ already classified as Marine Protected Areas and enlarge this network with the extension of the French Southern Lands marine reserve (TAAF overseas Territory) in order to reach 32 % of French waters under national juridiction classified as MPAs. France aims to pursue this objective with the involvement of all stakeholders, both from public and private sectors.
The proposed initiative aims to inform and make managers and businesses in Industrial Zones in Morocco, the Maghreb and developing countries aware of the potential and method of action for modernization tested on the Sidi Bernoussi case. The project aims to facilitate improvement of energy usage and competitiveness of industrial zones, based on an organization that represents the interests of local operators.The specific aim is to successfully implement the pilot phase and its extension throughout Morocco from the sub-region.
IRENA has developed the SIDS Lighthouses Initiative to support the strategic deployment of renewable energy in SIDS, to bring clarity to policy makers regarding the required steps, and to enable targeted action. As a joint effort of SIDS and development partners, this framework for action will assist in transforming SIDS energy systems through the establishment of the enabling conditions for a renewable energy-based future, by moving away from developing projects in isolation to a holistic approach that considers all relevant elements spanning from policy and market frameworks, through technol...[more]
The Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership is a first-of-its-kind, multi-stakeholder partnership of Governments, Private Sectors, NGOs and CSOs.LEAP guiding principles include: global, inclusive, consensus, transparency, scientific, comprehensive, continuous improvement and adoption. Objective: To build global consensus on science-based methodology, indicators and databases for understanding the environmental performance of livestock supply chains in order to shape evidence-based policy measures and business strategies. Vision: To support the transition towards m...[more]
The main objectives of this initiative are the reduction of poverty by providing access to energy services, especially to rural populations, and the fight against climate change by controlling the growth of energy consumption and by increasing the share of energy from renewable resources in the energy mix of the developing countries. The initiative falls within the scope of reinforcing technical and institutional cooperation efforts to facilitate the structuring of national energy policies and the setting-up of the necessary structures for the proper design and realization of projects. In part...[more]
To improve access to quality treatment for people living with HIV and AIDS in developing countries, by increasing the means of access to care and treatment and a complete health care offer combining social and community aspects over a three-year cycle. The aim is to identify the health care facilities in developing countries, which, with the help of twinning with a European hospital facility, can reinforce their expertise and equipment. These facilities are becoming the focal points for networks including medical and biological monitoring services, associations and NGOs, representing the civ...[more]
Noumea Communique2nd Oceania 21 ConferenceNoumea, 2 July 20141. The 2nd Oceania 21 Conference (Oceania 21), organised by the New Caledonian Government, with the support of France, and was chaired in turn by the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade of Vanuatu, the Prime Minister of Tuvalu and the President of the Marshall Islands, currently Chairman of the Pacific Islands Forum.
France commits herself to adopt by 2021, on an ecosystem-based approach, maritime spatial planning plans aiming to promote a sustainable coexistence of uses in the maritime space and to achieve good environmental status of oceans and seas that are clean, healthy and productive. The high and rapidly increasing demand for maritime space for different purposes, such as installations for the production of energy from renewable sources, oil and gas exploration and exploitation, maritime shipping and fishing activities, ecosystem and biodiversity conservation, the extraction of raw materials, tou...[more]
Large-scale driftnets fishing nets began to be used in the late 1970s and 1980s. These large-scale driftnets resulted in significantly increased amount of incidental mortality of protected species including, in particular, cetaceans, sea turtles and sharks. This led to international concerns about the environment impacts of this fishing method. The IOTC Scientific Committee has noted in the report of its 19th session of December 2016 that gillnets are regularly being used with lengths between 4 and 7km. These gillnets may drift sometimes into the high seas in contravention of Resolution 12/...[more]
In Septembre 2016, France joined the International Alliance to Combat Ocean Acidification. Consequently, France has decided a financial support (€ 800 000 Euros) for eight research projects about the main knowledge gaps on ocean acidification (monitoring, mapping and modelisation, study of the biological impacts coral reefs, phytoplancton, molluscs, fishes ...) In kind participation by the research labs Expected results in 2020
In 2007 France introduced the Reward-Penalty scheme for personal cars. The average CO2 emissions of new vehicles registered in France has decreased from 149 g CO2/km in late 2007 to 130 g CO2/km in the first half of 2010. Source: World Resources Institute (2011) A Compilation of Green Economy Policies, Programs, and Initiatives from Around the World. The Green Economy in Practice: Interactive Workshop 1, February 11th, 2011 France introduced the Bonus-Malus (reward-penalty) system for personal cars in 2007 to remove older polluting vehicles from the road and encourage manufacturers to develop...[more]
The irrigated agriculture sector is the primary water consumer in North Africa (Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia). These countries have mobilized most of their resources and should now continue to improve management of demand to guarantee the environmental and socio-economic sustainability of the sector. National agricultural water economy strategies have been defined. The aim is that these measures be implemented by local bodies (from the perimeter manager to the agricultural water user) in spite of the difficulties associated with the major technical, social and economic constraints involved. Th...[more]
In 2015, the World Bank launched the West Africa Coastal Areas Management Programme (WACA), a convening platform that helps countries access expertise and finance to sustainably manage their coastal areas. The French Ministry of the Ecological and Solidary Transition is a partner of the WACA Program. The collaborative project with France aims to provide data from marine charts, bathymetric surveys and aerial photographs, gathered over several decades, to three countries of West Africa (Benin, Senegal, Togo). Such information is crucial for monitoring changes to the coastal environment in th...[more]
SOI will provide a global platform to build partnerships and enhance capacity to achieve the Aichi Biodiversity Targets related to marine and coastal biodiversity in a holistic manner. This will contribute to the capacity development of SIDS from national to subnational level, and through thematic and regional cooperation initiatives) to sustainably manage their ocean and coastal biodiversity and benefit from the many environmental, social, and economic services provided by healthy marine ecosystems.
The project's purpose is to use experiments currently being carried out in various countries in order to analyze the conditions conducive to developing forms of tourism in line with the stated sustainability criteria, and to suggest methodologies for implementing these new approaches as well as for their follow-up and evaluation. This will involve transforming experimentation into development programmes for emerging countries and offering validated methodological tools to national authorities. The first phase will consist of identifying experiments in progress, selecting the "best practices,...[more]
The Southern National Agricultural Research Systems (SNRAs) have recently gained a forum in which to discuss and express their needs at world level. Within the Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR), they can meet their Northern partners as well as representatives of international centres. Together, they have determined that issues addressing biodiversity, ecosystem management and sustainable development (SD) must now be included in their mission. GFAR is designed to encourage an upward structure of research systems: national, sub-regional, regional and global. These various levels also...[more]
The European Reference Framework for Sustainable Cities (RFSC) is an open, non-binding, on-line toolkit to assist actors of urban management and development to improve dialogue and action on sustainability at local level. Source: UNCSD Secretariat (2010) Questionnaire for the Member States on Experiences, Success Factors, Risks and Challenges with Regard to Objective and Themes of UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) "The European Reference Framework for Sustainable Cities" offers a multi-purpose decision-making and communication tool for promoting sustainable urban development. ...[more]
ICRI is is a partnership among governments, international organizations, and non-government organizations. Governance arrangements are set out in organization and management procedures, which identify roles of the General Meeting as a governing body and the Secretariat, which is hosted by countries on a rotating basis; criteria for membership; and implementation of activities through operational networks and ad hoc committees. An ambitious plan of action 2016-2018 proposed by France was adopted by the ICRI membership in November 2016. It comprises 5 themes: 1. Raising awareness on the i...[more]
This initiative seeks to produce training modules from the results of research projects; to create skill centers as support structures for research, trails and training in local sustainable development practices; to create a knowledge base making use of all sources of information on sustainable development practices; to implement e-learning courses; and to make the information and skills required for sustainable development practices available and readily comprehensible to everyone. * Making available in a way that is easily understandable by everyone (businesses, local authorities, associati...[more]
The WIOCC is a country led partnership that promotes actions for climate resilient development that achieves effective conservation of biodiversity, enhanced livelihood and economies for greater social security among coastal communities. The WIOCC mobilises the political, financial and technical commitment at national and regional levels by inspiring leadership and facilitating collaboration towards a shared, long-term vision.
All the analyses conducted by the CFCE and its clients confirm the importance of modern, stable, predictable and transparent business law in strengthening the inflow of foreign and domestic investment (required to support jobs, management and technology), promoting business growth and ensuring fair regulation of the local impact of the resulting benefits. We also know that sound legal governance exerts an influence on all the structures of national power. The Africa Circle was set up in January this year with 20 or so members, including specialist lawyers and representatives of UNIDA (Associ...[more]