December 2022 - You are accessing an archived version of our website. This website is no longer maintained or updated. The Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform has been migrated here:

Voluntary National Review 2020

Nigeria’s 2020 Voluntary National Review (VNR) on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) focuses on the key issues of poverty (SDG-1) and an inclusive economy (SDG-8), health and wellbeing (SDG-3), Education (SDG-4), Gender equality (SDG-5), and the enabling environment of peace and security (SDG-16), and partnerships (SDG-17). This focus is based on Nigeria’s current development priorities and the development objectives of President Muhammadu Buhari’s administration. This VNR is being developed while facing huge challenges from the COVID-19 pandemic testing Nigeria’s public health systems, and of the collapse in oil prices, for an economy still getting 86% of public revenue from oil and gas.

Nigeria’s 2017 VNR outlined the institutional dimensions for creating an enabling policy environment for the implementation of the SDGs through its Economic and Recovery Growth Plan (ERGP) (2017-2020). The ERGP’s focus on economic, social and environmental dimensions of development makes it consistent with the aspirations of the SDGs.

SDG3-Health and Wellbeing: While Nigeria has some poor health outcomes, such as high rates of maternal mortality, there have been improvements in the under-five mortality rates (from 157 to 132). COVID-19 has challenged our public health 2 | Page system. A key lesson in protecting the public in times of such pandemics is hygiene and the need to prioritize universal access to clean water and soap. Nigeria’s current access to basic drinking water stands at 64%. There must be more investment in public health and to ensure the most vulnerable are reached through universal access to essential services.

SDG4-Education: A key challenge confronting the country has to do with Out-of- School-Children, a demographic challenge that relates to an interplay between employment (SDG-8), education (SDG-4), poverty (SDG-1) and the digital economy (SDG-17). With a population of approximately 200 million people, regional disparities are significant, with 78% of South Western children able to read full or part sentences, while only 17% of North Eastern children can. With only 1.6% of GDP devoted to education, the country needs to increase the resources to provide quality education.

SDG8-Inclusive Economy: In terms of inclusive economy (SDG-8), Nigeria’s informal economy is one of the largest on the continent - estimated at 53% of the Labour force and accounting for 65% of GDP. It is estimated that 75% of all new jobs are informal. Youth have a combined unemployment and under-employment rate of 55.4% or 24.5 million1. This is the youth bulge that needs to be building the required skills to move into secure and less precarious forms of employment. Ensuring youth are well-educated and able to transition to productive employment through the digital economy can help reduce poverty (SDG-1) and help diversify growth beyond dependence on oil and gas. The Generation Unlimited intervention, which targets employment for 20 million youth is another good example. The banking sector can play an important role in supporting the country’s efforts to leverage greater private sector-led growth by providing access to finance, particularly for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs). In addition, the Nigerian government can dramatically shift to digitization and strengthening its transition to e-government to facilitate its social protection to the poor and vulnerable population.

Alignment of national planning to SDGs: Good strides have been made in the domestication process of the SDGs in Nigeria. First, there is an ongoing realignment of the National Statistical System (NSS) with the requirements and Indicators of the SDGs. Second, Nigeria has developed its home-grown ‘Integrated Sustainable Development Goals (iSDG Model) - an analytical framework for assessing how policy making can better address the indivisible nature of the SDGs. Third, the Nigeria’s 2020 VNR report has drawn on past evaluations across the Seven priority SDGs and has an ongoing evaluation of the country’s performance in SDG 3&4. This attempt to systematically use evaluations is an innovation in the VNR context. Nigeria should strengthen the evidencebased planning and accountability mechanisms at State level for accelerating the SDG decade of action. The post-ERGP National Development Plan (2021-2030) will be pivotal in advancing the achievement of the SDGs in Nigeria.

Voluntary National Review 2017
1. Introduction

This report provides information on progress and status of implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)in Nigeria. It highlights key policy, institutional and regulatory measures put in place to create necessary enabling environment for mainstreaming of SDGs in national policies, plans and programmes, and its coherent coordination.

The report is the outcome of wide and in-depth consultations organized by the Office of the Senior Special Assistant to the President on SDGs (OSSAP-SDGs) with a wide array of stakeholders drawn from line ministries, civil society organizations, organized private sector, academia, development partners, youth groups, women organizations, persons with disability and media organizations.

2. Key Successes to Celebrate

i. Establishment of multi.layer and multi-cluster institutional frameworks for enhanced coordination and SDGs mainstreaming process

a, The President has appointed a Senior Special Assistant to the President (SSAP) on SDGs whose office is responsible for ensuring horizontal and vertical coherence between development policies, plans and strategies. Similarly, an Inter-Ministerial Committee on the SDGs has been established and operational guidelines for the same developed to guide the coordinated engagement with Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs). Similar structures being established at the sub-national (State) level.

b, To fully harness the resources and ideas of, and effectively engage other stakeholders, a Private Sector Advisory Group (PSAG) and a Donors' Forum on the SDGs have recently been inaugurated. The CSOs Group on SDGs are already working towards some SDGs targets, with giant stride on inclusive education, in collaboration with the Joint Association of Persons with Disability (JONAPWD) and Women 2030 in Nigeria.

C, To enhance the legislative and oversight roles of Parliamentarians on SDGs implementation process, two select committees on SDGs have been established in the Senate and House of Representatives.

d, As part of the national SDGs advocacy and campaign programme, the OSSAP-SDGs has entered into partnership with the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) to train graduating youths to become SDGs champions in their local communities and areas of national service they are deployed upon graduation.

ii. Existence of good policy and planning framework: The recently-launched Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP), on which the current medium- and short- terms budgeting frameworks are based is, to a large extent, aligned to the SDGs. Similarly, many of the current State Development Plans (SDPs), including the Benue, Taraba, Yobe, Kaduna, Ebonyi, Kano, Jigawa, Anambra, Delta, to mention but a few, are aligned to the SDGs. The alignment aid planning, monitoring and evaluation of SDG implementation, an SDGs data mapping exercise has been concluded and a data supply responsibility framework agreed upon.

iii. Upscaling the Conditional Grants Scheme (CGS): The CGS, a counterpart contributory mechanism which incentivizes subnational governments to mobilize resources to accelerate progress in SDGs core areas and is acclaimed as a best practice in implementing the global development agenda is currently being up scaled.

iv. Identifying and targeting the poor and vulnerable people: This has been achieved through establishment of a "National Social Register" for poor and vulnerable households. There is a monthly conditional cash transfer of five thousand naira (N5,000) to such households as part of a national social safety net programme.

3. Key Lessons Learnt

i. Technology-based, open and transparent progress tracking and reporting systems for nationally agreed targets against set benchmarks is critical for the success of the SDGs implementation.

ii. It is necessary to devise innovative and adaptive practices and programme delivery mechanisms to overcome bureaucratic bottlenecks often associated with the implementation of national policies and programmes.

III. Without necessarily downplaying the role of official development assistance and debt financing through debt relief gains, domestic resource mobilization and new sources of financing, are critical to successful resourcing of SDGs implementation in the country. Effective global and national partnerships are therefore, vital for the SDGs implementation process.

4. Main Challenges

i. Reliance on oil and gas sector; dwindling agricultural production and productivity; and limited value addition in the agricultural sector to grow the economy, create jobs, address poverty and ensure food security remain critical challenges. Dwindling in agricultural productivity is mainly due to climate change; desertification; natural and manmade disasters; unresponsive land tenure and a general low utilization of mechanized farming.

ii. Infrastructural deficit and technological gaps: A major challenge to SDGs attainment is infrastructural deficit and technology gaps, which hinder service provision and application of science, technology and innovation in many spheres of life.

iii. The economic recession and humanitarian crises: Economic recession in the country due to fluctuating oil price in the international market and the humanitarian crisis in the North East of the country present unique challenges to achieving the SDGs.

5. Major Areas the Country Needs Support

i. Given the current economic recession, the country will need support in mobilizing adequate financial and other resources, including from domestic sources, and through traditional (North - South, South - South and triangular cooperation) partnerships.

However, the country has advanced on curbing illicit financial flow and asset recovery which will enhance effort on resource mobilization for implementation of the SDGs. ii. Technology transfer and capacity building on inter alia, data, information and performance management will be needed to support SDGs implementation.
Focal point
Mrs. Comfort Adebisi Owolab
Deputy Director-Policy Analysis, Monitoring and Inspectorate - Federal Ministry of Environment

Documents & Reports

National Reports
Report Topics covered Process
National Report - Nigeria Rio+20;

Partnerships & Commitments
The below is a listing of all partnership initiatives and voluntary commitments where Nigeria is listed as a partner or lead entity in the Partnerships for SDGs online platform
A Food Safety, Nutrition & WASHQ campaign

The Focus on Development Africa Initiative with the support of its partners will implement A Food Safety, Nutrition & WASHQ (Water, Sanitation, Hygiene & Quality) campaign in rural communities in Abia State. The objective of the project is to promote healthy practices and build healthy behaviours amongst primary schools pupils and women in rural communities in order to improve school attendance and influence communities positively. Attention will be paid to maintaining the quality of potable water through ideal handling and storage. Unemployed Youth from the communities will be recruited and t...[more]

Focus on Development Africa Initiative, Dr Timothy McAuley: CHANGE (Consulting for Health, Air, Nature, & a Greener Environment) New York, Alpha and Godsons. Environmental Health Officers of Nigeria, Abia State Government dept of Sustainable Development.
Sustainable Development Goals
Eco-Green Clubs in Schools

Eco clubs in schools will empower students to participate and take up meaningful environmental activities and projects. It is a forum through which students can reach out to influence, engage their parents and neighborhood communities to promote sound environmental behavior. It will empower students to explore environmental concepts and actions beyond the confines of a syllabus or curriculum. While everyone, everywhere, asserts the importance of ‘learning to live sustainably,’ environment remains a peripheral issue in the formal schooling system. It is not just an extracurricular activity...[more]

Center for Development and Support Initiative (CEDSI), Chidiebere Nwaiwu, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Health, Rivers State Government, UNDP, UNEP
Sustainable Development Goals
IHO Hydrography Capacity Building Programme for Coastal States

The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]

International Hydrographic Organization (IGO); 87 IHO Member States (Governments); International Maritime Organization (UN); World Meteorological Organization (UN); International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities (NGO)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Implementing Ecosystem Based Adaptation approaches to both mangrove and the Atlantic Ocean coast line in Cross River State, Nigeria with a focus on institutional and capacity strengthening, combating coastal degradation and sustainable livelihoods

Objectives: 1. To strengthen institutional capacity on marine management and advance scientific understanding of ocean acidification. 2. To reduce causes of acidification 3. To reduce mangrove degradation and Nipa palm invasion . 4. To protect coastal communities from changing ocean 5 To expand public awareness and understanding of marine degradation and acidification. 6. to build sustained support for addressing marine degradation. Methodologies 1. Seek additional support from relevant national governments and to strengthen capacity of key government Institutions through t...[more]

Cross River State Ministry of Climate Change (government), UN-REDD+ UNEP, FAO (UN entities), University of Calabar, Nigeria (academic Institution), Federal Ministry of Environment, Nigeria (Government), Cross River State Planning Commission (government) and Cross River Mangrove association(NGO)
Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership

The Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance (LEAP) Partnership is a first-of-its-kind, multi-stakeholder partnership of Governments, Private Sectors, NGOs and CSOs.LEAP guiding principles include: global, inclusive, consensus, transparency, scientific, comprehensive, continuous improvement and adoption. Objective: To build global consensus on science-based methodology, indicators and databases for understanding the environmental performance of livestock supply chains in order to shape evidence-based policy measures and business strategies. Vision: To support the transition towards m...[more]

Countries: France, The Netherlands, Ireland, New Zealand, Switzerland, Italy, Nigeria. Private sector: International Feed Industry Federation (IFIF); European Vegetable Oil and Proteinmeal Industry (FEDIOL); International Meat Secretariat (IMS); International Egg Commission (IEC); International Poultry Council (IPC); International Federation for Animal Health (IFAH); International Dairy Federation...[more]
Sustainable Development Goals
Nigeria is committed to fully funding its health program at $31.63 per capita through increasing budgetary allocation to as much as 15% from an average of 5% by the Federal, States and Local Government Areas by 2015.

Nigeria endorses the Secretary General’s Strategy on women’s and children’s health, and affirms that the initiatives is in full alignment to our existing country-led efforts through the National Health Plan and strategies targeted for implementation for the period 2010 – 2015, with a focus on the MDGs in the first instance and the national Vision 20 – 2020. In this regard, Nigeria is committed to fully funding its health program at $31.63 per capita through increasing budgetary allocation to as much as 15% from an average of 5% by the Federal, States and Local Government Areas by 201...[more]

Action Network
Sustainable Development Goals
Promoting Equality Through Awareness in Schools

The Association of Professional Women Engineers of Nigeria is a catalyst for the advancement of women in the engineering profession towards national and global technological development. They continuously increase awareness that science, technology, engineering and mathematics STEM, is also a career for girls and encourage women to achieve excellence. They have organised programmes and career talks to generate interest in STEM. The early intervention and strategy to promote equality through awareness will be an extension of this programme. It would also create awareness and propagate the under...[more]

Nigerian Society of Engineers, Federal Government of Nigeria
Sustainable Development Goals
School Social Mobilization on Malaria Elimination Program

The initiative seek to ensure healthy lives and promote well being for people of all ages especial mothers of reproductive age and under five children by mobilizing schools in malaria elimination. The program impact will reduce out of pocket health expenditure on malaria commodity, thereby reducing extreme poverty for all people especially the vulnerable rural population, promote access to health care services and universal health coverage and number of malaria associated illness and deaths and malaria epidemic in Nigeria and Africa region.

Ministries of Health and Education, Post Primary School Management Board, Malaria Consortium, & Roll Back Malaria
Sustainable Development Goals
The Regional Sustainable Energy Center of Excellence

Guided by the World Energy Council (WEC) and the Energy Commission of Nigeria (ECN) the Regional Sustainable Energy Center of Excellence (RSECE) has worked to develop a consortium organization or cooperators of government, universities, for profit and not profit business as well as individuals for the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations deliberations. We consider all the goals to be of great importance, yet water and energy developments to be key factors for the success of the efforts by enabling those activities for further...[more]

We are partnering with the government of Nigeria through several Ministries, Agencies, with Universities globally, for profit 'businesses and non profits through the consortium of the Regional Sustainable Energy Center of Excellence.
Sustainable Development Goals
18 Jul 2017
9 Jun 2017
21 Jun 2012
12 May 2011
12 May 2011
14 May 2010
13 May 2010
13 May 2010
12 May 2010
12 May 2010
12 May 2010
6 May 2010
5 May 2010
7 May 2008
22 Apr 2005
29 Apr 2004
2 Sep 2002
United Nations