La Agenda 2030 está articulando en España una movilización sin precedentes de todas las administraciones, a nivel nacional, autonómico y local, de la ciudadanía, de los actores sociales, las empresas, universidades, centros de investigación y organizaciones de la sociedad civil, alrededor de una visión compartida. El Congreso de los Diputados ha instado al Gobierno a articular la implementación de la Agenda 2030 a través de acuerdos de la práctica unanimidad de fuerzas políticas.
El esfuerzo realizado en los últimos años ha sido fuertemente reforzado con la llegada del nuevo gobierno en junio de 2018, que ha llevado la Agenda 2030 al mismo ADN de su proyecto de país. En efecto, en las semanas transcurridas desde su toma de posesión, se han tomado decisiones que ponen a España en la senda de orientar sus políticas públicas y prioridades políticas al corazón de los ODS. El gobierno está compuesto por una mayoría de ministras -11 de 17-. Se ha creado un Alto Comisionado para la Agenda 2030, dependiente directamente del Presidente del Gobierno y un Alto Comisionado para la Pobreza Infantil. Se ha creado el Ministerio de Transición Ecológica, aglutinando las competencias de energía y de medio ambiente y cambio climático. Se ha transitado desde posiciones muy conservadoras en los compromisos de la UE para el cumplimiento del acuerdo de París, a las más ambiciosas. Se ha reinstaurado el Ministerio de Igualdad, liderado por la Vicepresidenta del Gobierno. Se ha mostrado la solidaridad de España y su compromiso con los Derechos Humanos y con un orden global justo, sostenible e inclusivo, con la acogida del barco Aquarius en nuestro territorio. Una señal inequívoca de que España renueva su compromiso con la justicia, la sostenibilidad y la solidaridad global. De que la Agenda 2030 pasa a ser un elemento central del lugar en el mundo que España desea ocupar. De que la Agenda 2030 es un espacio de encuentro, diálogo y trabajo conjunto con las Comunidades Autónomas y los Gobiernos Locales, de refuerzo de su liderazgo y esfuerzos que ya han demostrado en localizar la Agenda 2030 –referente internacional de cómo aterrizar los ODS en las ciudades y territorios.
Los pasos dados para la preparación del Examen Nacional Voluntario han facilitado la puesta en marcha de la implementación de la Agenda en España. Se ha creado un Grupo de Alto Nivel (GAN) de coordinación interministerial, en el que participan las Comunidades Autónomas y los Gobiernos Locales. Se ha aprobado un Plan de Acción para la Implementación de la Agenda 2030, un documento programático orientado a la acción. Un Plan que representa una transición, entre el arranque urgente e impostergable de la implementación de la Agenda, y la formulación de una Estrategia Española de Desarrollo Sostenible a largo plazo. Un Plan de transición, también, entre un gobierno saliente que inició y desarrolló su planteamiento, y un gobierno entrante que pone en el centro de su acción de gobierno los ODS y el desarrollo sostenible.
El Plan de Acción impulsa de forma inmediata nuevas políticas, medidas y gobernanza y conducirá, como uno de sus principales resultados, a la adopción de una Estrategia de Desarrollo Sostenible 2020 – 2030, que represente un proyecto de país compartido ampliamente y desde una visión de Estado. El Plan también recoge las actuaciones realizadas por parte de todos los actores, una estructura de gobernanza coral y reforzada, al más alto nivel del gobierno, y un sistema de rendición de cuentas con un papel central del Parlamento. Se identifican áreas prioritarias de actuación en las que desarrollar políticas denominadas “palanca” y medidas transformadoras horizontales con compromisos concretos y medibles, reformas necesarias para sustentar la senda hacia 2030. La colaboración estrecha entre todas las administraciones públicas y la impronta participativa del esfuerzo han permitido progresar con solidez y ambición, permitiendo perfilar un sistema de gobernanza multiactor, multinivel e integrador de todos los sectores.
El desafío es enorme, por lo que es absolutamente necesario liderar de forma urgente las políticas necesarias orientadas a enfrentar seriamente las múltiples manifestaciones de la pobreza, las desigualdades, el desempleo y la degradación de nuestro medio natural, contando sin excepción con todos los actores implicados y creando espacios políticos de acuerdo y rendición de cuentas.
|Full Report||CSD-18; CSD-19;|
|Rural Development||CSD-16; CSD-17;|
|Human Settlements||CSD-12; CSD-13;|
|Country Profile 2002|
|Pre-WSSD National Report|
|2008 NSDS Profile|
|2008 Indicators Profile|
The Public Private Alliance for Development (PPAD) in Panama was created to improve the quality of life of employees with low income and education levels (trade service workers, manufacturing plant machine and assembly operators, and drivers and operators of mobile machinery) from companies affiliated with SumaRSE/ Global Compact, through the adaptation and implementation in Panama of the "Alliance for Companies Without Poverty" methodology.The intervention seeks to address situations of poverty throughout the value chains of PPAD companies caused by socioeconomic problems, and to transfer cap...[more]
BIAAF (Bilbao International Art & Fashion) leads the SDGs in emerging fashion design. We defend Human Rights through promoting decent work and high-quality education. Every year, BIAAF offers a broad range of grants in order to promote equal opportunities. With our work, we aims to achieve the empowerment of women in design and defend the creative industries as a key tool for change.
A city that had experienced severe environmental degradation and an ecological crisis, Bilbao has undergone efforts to redevelop in more sustainable ways. Bilbao's recovery from industrial decline has by now become one of the most well-known success stories in Europe. It is a good example of a city actively engaging in globalization strategies and getting transformed in the process. The integrated approach to redevelopment was very ambitious. The aim was to change the city's image from a declining industrial city to a modern post-industrial one. Physically, Bilbao is now a transformed city. ...[more]
The partnership aims at the establishment of the Caribbean Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (CCREEE) under the umbrella of the CARICOM Energy Policy. The regional centre of excellence will support the Caribbean Island Countries and Territories (CICTs) in the creation of an enabling environment for sustainable energy investments and markets by mitigating existing barriers. The centre will coordinate and implement programs, projects and activities in the areas of capacity and policy development, information and data sharing, as well as investment and business promotion. It will...[more]
Competitiveness Programme for the Automotive Sector aims to promote investments to reorient production towards more sustainable, more efficient and safer vehicles. Source: In the year 2009 12 projects on electronic vehicles were funded and in the year 2010 already 16 projects on electronic vehicles received funding.
The Barcelona School Agenda 21 is a pioneering environmental education program for schools within Barcelona and a source of inspiration for similar initiatives beyond the city. Source: The ICLEI Case Study series Since 2001, the Barcelona School Agenda 21 Program promoted by the Barcelona City Council's Environment Department, in collaboration with the AGBAR Foundation and the Barcelona Municipal Institute of Education (Programa Agenda 21 Escolar de Barcelona, or PA21E), has taken the lead in directly involving the educational community in Local Agenda 21 and its efforts toward sustainability....[more]
The Spanish Energy Efficiency Strategy 2004-2012 identifies the strategic objectives, as well as the route that energy policy should take to achieve the objectives. Source: Spanish Government The strategy involves saving energy resources and limiting the external dependency by environmental improvements. The strategy is integrated in the process definition of the new Spanish energy frame, and gathers the actions of multiple stakeholders in search of a common objective: the reduction in the energy intensity in Spain by about 7.2%, throughout 2004-2012.
Spain has an Energy Saving and Efficiency Strategy for 2004-2012. Source: The Spanish Saving and Energy Efficiency Strategy in 2003, identifies the strategic objectives, as well as the route that energy policy should take to achieve the objectives of same: security of supply in terms of quantity and price with some basic levels of self-sufficiency, taking into consideration the environmental impact that its use entails and the importance of the competitiveness of our Economy. For more information please see the documents on the right hand side of this page.
The environmental certification systems are one of the most interesting ways to strengthen the adhesion of Catalan companies towards a greener economy. This tool allows to position the GREEN factor as a competitive differential of utmost importance that promotes consumption of sustainable products and services. Source: Directorate-General for Environmental Quality (DGQA). Ministry of Territory and Sustainability. Government of Catalonia. EMAS registered businesses. ACC10, the Catalan Business Support Agency. In this sense the Directorate-General for Environmental Quality (DGQA) promotes diffe...[more]
As a part of the Regional Integration Pilar of the Special Partnership between the EU and Cape Verde, the EU aims to support, through the European Union Ultra-Peripheral Regions (RUP), the integration of the Macaronesia space, with the objective of improving its structure and increase its dynamism and competitiveness, in line with the enlarged neighbourhood policy.Main areas of intervention: Renewable Energy, Biodiversity and Marine Conservation, Coastal Management and Hydraulic Resources, Tourism and other sectors.
The general objective of the Commission is to promote the effective conservation, management and development of the living marine resources of the area of competence of the Commission, in accordance with the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, and address common problems of fisheries management and development faced by members of the Commission. 16 of WECAFC's 35 members are considered small island developing States.
UNIDO in partnership with sub-regional economic communities (RECs) is establishing the Global Network of Regional Sustainable Energy Centers (GN-SEC), an innovative south-south and triangular multi-stakeholder partnership to accelerate the energy and climate transformation. Since 2010, UNIDO assists RECs in the establishment and operation of sub-regional sustainable energy centres. The expanding partnership comprises a sub-network of centers for the African and the Arab region (with the EAC, SADC, ECOWAS, and the Arab League) and a sub-network for Small Island Developing States (with SIDS DOCK...[more]
The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]
The National Strategy for the Electric Vehicle is coordinated by the Ministry of Industry, Tourism and Trade. It is part of the Spanish Strategy towards a Sustainable Economy. Source: A comprehensive strategy 2010-2014 is structured into the four programmes: demand promotion, production of vehicles and RTD and Innovation, deployment of charging infrastructure and management of electricity demand, and cross-cutting actions such as communication and marketing, regulation and standardization, as well as education and training.
The Partnership aims at the establishment of a Network of Regional Sustainable Energy Centers for SIDS. The initiative follows-up on an official request of the Sustainable Energy Island Initiative (SIDS DOCK) of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) to UNIDO to assist the small islands in the Caribbean, Pacific, Indian Ocean and Africa in the creation of regional sustainable energy centers. The SIDS DOCK request was inspired by UNIDO´s technical work in the context of the Global Network of Regional Sustainable Energy Centers. The UNIDO Department of Energy is coordinating the network in ...[more]
Local and national goverments are the engine of economic policies of a country and they also set the sustanibility framework in which they are developed. In Catalonia the authorities lead efforts in becoming the best example in reducing emissions and saving energy, as shown below. Source: The Directorate General for Environmental Policies (Ministry of Territory and Sustainability, Government of Catalonia) with the Voluntary agreements to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) Programme; the Girona Provincial Council with the Covenant of Mayors, a promotion programme for combating climate...[more]
The Sitges Fishermen's Guild is made up of 12 boats that fish using traditional methods. The number of catches has dropped significantly in recent years and, for this reason, it is essential that fishermen receive a fair price for their catches. At the same time, it fosters a more respectful fishing with the marine environment and makes local, fresh, quality products available to restaurants and residents with a brand titled Peix de Sitges (Sitges Fish). Source: For these reasons, the Sitges city council prompted the construction of premises for first sale, where fishermen sell their fish wh...[more]
Regulation for Thermal Installations of Buildings aims at improving energy efficiency in both new and existing houses. Source: -- The new regulations on thermal installations in buildings (RITE), approved by Royal Decree 1027/2007 (BOE 29.08.07), form the basic regulatory framework governing the energy performance and safety demands to be met by thermal installations in buildings to comply with welfare and hygiene needs during design and dimensioning, installation, maintenance and use, and determining procedures to certify compliance. This regulation responds to the need to transpose Directive...[more]
The overall aim of the Renewable Energy Plan 2005 - 2010 is to boost renewable energy production to cover 30% of electricity production and 12% of primary energy demand by 2010. Source: The overall aim of the Renewable Energy Plan 2005 - 2010 is to boost renewable energy production to cover 30% of electricity production and 12% of primary energy demand by 2010. The Spanish government's focus on renewable energy sources is also intended to reduce Spain's dependence on oil imports, to further efforts to fulfill the country's Kyoto Protocol commitments and to contribute to the phase-out of the...[more]
The Promotion Plan of Renewable Energies became effective in January 2000. Source: The plan calls for doubling the RES share in the primary energy supply quota from 6 to 12%. The main energies and areas that are considered by the plan are: biomass, wind, hydropower, solar and the urban solid waste.
In 2009 the Spanish Strategy for Sustainable Mobility was adopted, setting up the guidelines and measures regarding land use planning, transport and infrastructures, climate change and reduction of energy dependence, air quality and noise, security and health and demand management, giving special attention to fostering alternatives to private vehicles and the use of more efficient and sustainable ways of transport. Source: UNCSD Secretariat (2010) Questionnaire for the Member States on Experiences, Success Factors, Risks and Challenges with Regard to Objective and Themes of UN Conference on Su...[more]
Spanish Strategy of Sustainable Development with a long-term perspective is designed to aim towards a more coherent society in terms of the rational use of its resources, and more equitable and cohesive approach and more balanced in terms of land use. Source: Government of Spain Spanish Strategy of Sustainable Development Policy aims toward a more coherent society in terms of the rational use of its resources, and more equitable and cohesive approach and more balanced in terms of land use. This strategy is framed under the EU Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS), which was renewed in the C...[more]
Spain's new Building Technical Code establishes minimum requirements for energy efficient buildings. Source: European Commission In 2006 the Spanish Council of Ministers approved a new construction standard through Royal Decree. This updates the old one dating from the 1970s and partially transposes the EU Directive 2002/91/CE on Energetic Efficiency in Buildings. The new standard, called the Building Technical Code (CTE - Código Técnico de la Edificación), establishes new quality, security, energy efficiency and habitability requirements for new or renovated buildings, thus creating a legisla...[more]
The New National Plan of Integrated Waste 2008- 2015 (PNIR) was launched in 2008, aimed at integrating the European core principles and giving a clear sign to different Administrations and economic agents involved. Source: UNCSD Secretariat (2010) Questionnaire for the Member States on Experiences, Success Factors, Risks and Challenges with Regard to Objective and Themes of UN Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) The Integrated National Waste Plan 2008-2015 provides a comprehensive analysis of the situation in waste generation and offers a wealth of information that complements the pr...[more]
The National Housing and Refurbishment Plan 2009-2012 is the main tool for providing access to housing, both owned and rented, for low-income people through means-tested interest subsidies for mortgage loans and rents. Source: Government of Spain The Plan identifies a number of groups with preferential access to housing support due to their vulnerability in the housing market, such as those requiring long-term care and individuals with disabilities, people aged over 65 years, and women who are victims of gender violence. In addition, the Plan envisages specific actions to favour these groups, ...[more]
Training and capacity building on fisheries in the INTERMARES training vessel for Latin America Promote, through the exchange of experiences, training for the increase of added value of fishery products, and possible certification of the same. - Support campaigns to promote activities in the field of fisheries, such as facilitating technological exchange through training programs, technical support in management programs (in case of participation of managers in these countries, especially in the case of female managers) And fisheries management. - Transportation and marketing of fisher...[more]
The mission of the University Consortium of Small Island States is to enhance graduate education institutions in Small Island States by facilitating the development of the capacity needed to implement the Barbados Programme of Action.Our Objectives:Improved information flow among members on courses offered, facilities, student needs and relevant documents.Cooperative curriculum development, research, indigenous knowledge management and outreach in the key areas of sustainable development of SIDS by supporting resilience building for sustainable development.Research findings and reference mater...[more]