Main messages for the 2020 Voluntary National Review
by the Russian Federation
The Russian Federation is committed to achieve the goals defined by the international community in the 2030 Agenda. We have been making continued efforts to implement the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at the national level. This work has been done as a direct continuation of the activities in the framework of the Millennium Development Goals achievement. While the concept of sustainable development was formulated and has become an integral part of the national development concept of Russia in 1996.
The Russian Federation is a multinational social State with its policy centered around people, their rights and freedoms, welfare and quality of life. The implementation of those principles is consistent with sustainable human development realized through public and private initiatives aimed at the development of education and health care systems, social protection, transport, digital and energy infrastructure as well of as the economy as a whole and the environment protection. All these priorities are consistent with the SDGs and are the basis for the international activities of Russia in the relevant areas.
The implementation of the SDGs and their respective targets in the Russian Federation is carried out by sectoral government bodies in the framework of the national development policy until 2024. The SDGs are integrated into twelve national projects and the comprehensive plan for the modernization and expansion of the backbone infrastructure. These documents cover more than 100 SDG targets directly or indirectly.
The Russian Federation submits its first Voluntary National Review (VNR) on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. For this purpose 17 thematic working groups have been established to address each of the SDG. Each group includes representatives of the legislative branch, federal and regional executive bodies, municipal authorities, the Central Bank of Russia, development institutions, civil society organizations, research organizations, as well as business community. More than 200 experts and more than 100 organizations have participated in the preparation of the VNR. The draft Review as well as its chapters have been subject to open public expert discussions.
The preparation of the VNR made it possible:
• to involve a wide range of stakeholders in the process of discussion on the document;
• to establish fruitful dialogue between state, civil society, business and academia;
• study and take on board different opinions on the SDGs, ensure broad public interest to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs;
• conduct in-depth analysis of the consistency between national goals and the objectives of the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs and evaluate the interim results of the progress in their implementation.
The results of the analysis are as follows:
• Russia has been successfully implementing policy aimed at the human capacity building through a comprehensive education, health care and employment programms;
• In implementing the principle of “leaving no one behind” Russia focuses its efforts on four aspects: support for the poor (economic aspect), support for people with disabilities (social aspect), elimination of inequality between different regions (territorial aspect), and support for indigenous and small peoples (national dimension);
• Russia continues to improve its citizens’ quality of life, including through the development of social protection, transport infrastructure, digital public services, urban environment while also increasing the accessibility of financial services, employment opportunities, introducing and implementing improved environmental regulation and higher standards;
• Russia fulfills its obligations in combating global climate change in a faithful manner, introduces modern environmental safety standards, works to improve energy efficiency and preserve our biodiversity and unique natural capital;
• Russia is an active donor in the area of sustainable development assistance, providing it to different countries, including those affected by emergencies, takes steps aimed at strengthening multilateral development institutions, and implements projects and initiatives for integration and cooperation in the Eurasian region and beyond.
Russian long-term development policy is based on a balance of three key dimensions of sustainable development - economic, social and environmental, and is also focused on broad partnerships in the implementation of development tasks.
In recent years, the Russian Federation has shown tangible progress for each of the individual SDGs. Among the most successful are SDG 1 “Poverty Eradication”, SDG 4 “Quality Education”, SDG 8 “Decent Work and Economic Growth”. At the same time, a number of targets in certain areas have yet to be achieved by the joint efforts of the State, business and the public.
The 2030 Agenda implementation is continuing even in the emergency time. Russia takes every effort to contain the COVID-19 pandemic and provides medical assistance and health-care for those who need it in the country as well as abroad. The government implements a wide range of measures to minimize the negative impact of the quarantine on population and business.
Stimulation of local governments activities and best practices dissemination in developing and improving the housing and communal services Source: Ministry of Regional Development of the Russian Federation The competition is held since 2009 and aimed to evaluation of the activity of local governments in developing and improving the livability of the housing and communal services. Along with indicators such as building new residental infrastructure or its renovation a number of indicators are being applied in evaluation of sustainable development of a settlement. These are quality of drinking...[more]
Long-term conservation and sustainable management of the globally significant biodiversity in the Russian part of the Altai-Sayan Region Source: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation The overall goal of the project is to ensure long-term conservation and sustainable management of the globally significant biodiversity in the Russian part of the Altai-Sayan Ecoregion. The project will improve the current development framework of the Ecoregion by strengthening national capacity to prepare and implement a set of integrated actions that collectively will avoid the ...[more]
The best opportunity to slow the rate of near-term warming globally and in sensitive regions such as the Arctic is by cutting emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) – most notably methane, black carbon and some hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Widespread reductions, which complement the need for aggressive global action on carbon dioxide, contribute significantly to the goal of limiting warming to less than two degrees. Reducing SLCPs can also advance national priorities such as protecting air quality and public health, promoting food security, enhancing energy efficiency, and allevi...[more]
A foundation for the development and implementation of a unified public policy of Russia at national and internarional levels on the climate change issues Source: Office of the President of the Russian Federation The Doctrine approved by the President of the Russian Federation in 2009 (No 864-rp); represents an overview of the goal, principles, substance, and ways of implementation of a unified public policy of the Russian Federation, both within its borders and in the international arena, on the issues related to climate change and its consequences. Taking into consideration the strategic gu...[more]
Conservation and sustainable use of globally significant biodiversity across the tundra landscape of the Central Taymir Landscape Corridor Source: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation Russia's Taimyr Peninsula is the northern-most part of mainland Eurasia and represents Asia's largest continuous tundra landscape. The vast wetlands serve as the migratory endpoint for birds and are used by many rare and endangered species. The area is threatened by encroaching development and mismanagement and efforts are required for the conservation and sustainable use of it...[more]
Protection of the globally significant wetland biodiversity of the Volga Delta Source: Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology of the Russian Federation The project development objective is to ensure protection of the globally significant wetland biodiversity of the Volga Delta through an integrated conservation and sustainable-use approach. The protected areas of the Lower Volga require a thorough reorganization and strenghening programme based upon the new realities of the day (including the sea level rise of the Caspian Sea) and the latest thinking in integrated conservation and managemen...[more]
Monitoring and assesment of environment protecrion status in the regions of Russia Source: All-Russian non-governmental organization ?Green patrol? Project Objectives:- Formation of ecological rating of the Russian regions on the basis of publicly available information and assessment of environmental and ecological character -Promotion of sustainable development of the Russian Federation in the interests of its citizens Fostering environmental programs in regions, Promoting the development of civil society in the Russian Federation, Promotion of environmental education The evaluation ...[more]
Sustainable development and management of the 2014 Sochi Olympic Games area, including environmental protection Source: Organizing Committee Sochi 2014 Environment and its state are among the most acute issues that organizers of the Winter Games of 2014 are facing. Sochi 2014 Environmental Strategy determines how sustainable development of the Games area will be managed, including environmental protection, comprehensive environmental management, interactions with all stakeholders throughout the whole preparation period and during the Games. Environmental Strategy of the Games includes such are...[more]
The IHO capacity building programme seeks to assess and advise on how countries can best meet their international obligations and serve their own best interests by providing appropriate hydrographic and nautical charting services. Such services directly support safety of navigation, safety of life at sea, efficient sea transportation and the wider use of the seas and oceans in a sustainable way, including the protection of the marine environment, coastal zone management, fishing, marine resource exploration and exploitation, maritime boundary delimitation, maritime defence and security, and o...[more]
Mainstream biodiversity conservation measures into mining and tourism sector policies and practices and watershed management planning Source: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation The project will also support efforts from both national and local governments and civil society to mainstream biodiversity conservation measures into mining and tourism sector policies and practices and watershed management planning, leading to improved management of biodiversity and aquatic ecosystems across 11,047,790 hectares. (March 2011 - December 2014)
Multifunctional Public Internet portal providing users of various information in the area of energy saving, including sharing of best practices. Source: Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation The main objective of establishing in 2010 the Multifunctional Public Internet portal "Energy efficient Russia" was promoting the rational use of energy. The Portal provides users of various information in the area of energy saving, including sharing of best practices. The information is presented by modern ways of presentation of information, that also ensures fast access to direct so...[more]
Increase in the share of renewable energy sources (excluding large hydropower stations) to 4.5 percent of the total electricity produced and consumed Source: Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation Government adopted Resolution No. 1-r of 8 January 2009 on the Main Directions for the State Policy to Improve the Energy Efficiency of the Electricity Sector on the Basis of Renewable Energy Sources for the Period up to 2020. In accordance with this Resolution, 4.5 percent of the total electricity produced and consumed in 2020 should be generated from renewable energy sources (excluding large ...[more]
Mainstream biodiversity conservation priorities into the Russian energy sector development policies Source: Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation A significant share of Russia's biological wealth will continue to exist outside the network of protected areas. And, economic development will continue to place pressure on biodiversity outside protected areas. Most importantly, Russia's regions of globally significant biodiversity namely the Arctic, Siberia, Far East, and Caucasus are increasingly becoming the focus of energy development. The objective of the proje...[more]
Preparation of development programmes, focusing on high standards of life quality and healthy environment, on the basis of the Earth Charter Source: Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Tatarstan In April 2001, the State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan in Russia voted unanimously to adopt the Earth Charter in the Republic. Since the adoption of the Decree of the State Council of the Republic of Tatarstan on 27 April 2001 ¹ 722 "About the Earth Charter" its principles were observed in preparation of programes of development, focusing on high standards of life qual...[more]
The upgraded warning system at the Russian Pacific coast provides early warning of tsunami. Source: Russian Tsunami warning service The Russian Federation has territories subjected to tsunami. It is, first of all, the coast of the Kamchatka peninsula and the Kuriles. The emerging of tsunami is also possible in the sea of Okhotsk, Japan and Boering seas. In order to ensure safety of the population and coastal territories of the Far East of Russia there exists a Tsunami warning service. The upgraded warning system that consists of three centers located in the Russian Pacific coast during Great...[more]
SPbI is a ppp which is aimed at strengthening the existing multilateral cooperation mechanisms in the area of environmental protection. It is established to unite representatives of the state agencies, business circles and civil society, and to generate practical ideas and specific proposals. Main goals of SPbI: ∙ Facilitating joint efforts of the States, business, scientific, financial community and NGOs to improve the environment of the Baltic Sea region ∙ Establishing of an efficient public-private partnerships platform in the Baltic Sea regio...[more]
Energy conservation and energy efficiency Source: Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation Energy conservation and energy efficiency is seen as a major source of further national economic growth. State Energy conservation Program, adopted in 2010 aims to: Decrease energy intensity of GDP of the Russian Federation by 13.5 percent, which together with other factors, will provide the solution to reduce energy intensity of GDP of by 40 percent in 2007 - 2020; Development of energy-efficient society in Russia
Upscaling of the protected areas system in the Scandinavian and Russian taiga as well as Ural mountain forest tundra Source: The Federal Supervisory Natural Resources Management Service in Komi Republic To protect its biodiversity, Russia has established an impressive System of Protected Areas (PA), managed by federal, regional and local agencies that cover about 8.5% of country's area. The proposed project aims to improve the representation of the Scandinavian and Russian taiga and Ural mountain forest tundra in the federal, regional and local system of protected areas. The initiative is cent...[more]
Quantitative assessment of sustainability in Russian regions Source: Interfax-ERA- Ecological and energy rating Agency Quantitative assessment of sustainability in Russian regions based on various measurements of state statistics on physical objects, resources and energy they consume. At present rating system includes parameters of energy consumption and efficiency, regional and social aspects.