Key Messages of Egypt VNR 2018
- Egypt is committed to progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Egypt’s Sustainable Development Strategy, Egypt Vision 2030, is in line with SDGs. The national strategic plan’s three dimensions (economic, social and environmental) are based on ten pillars covering broadly the SDGs. The plan provides programs, policies and measurable indicators in order to put Egypt on the right path toward sustainable development.
- Egypt embarked on a very comprehensive and home grown economic reform program that is supported by the international financial institutions staring November 2016. The Government of Egypt took very bold and timely measures as well as overdue reforms to put the economy on the path towards a more stable resilient economy. After a challenging year, economic fundamentals are stabilizing with reduction in fiscal deficit, curbing in the rate of inflation, waning in external deficit and increasing in the growth rate of output; all of these are met with increased confidence from domestic and international investors. The Government of Egypt is committed to pursuing its agenda of economic reforms to create an enabling environment for inclusive growth and sustainable development.
- Egypt is mindful of the vulnerable groups who are likely more adversely affected by stabilization and reform programs. In order not to leave anyone behind, the Government of Egypt has scaled up its social protection programs and has improved their target mechanisms. In addition, the Government of Egypt is allocating more resources to the more deprived areas to provide better quality of public services and infrastructure.
- Egypt is pursuing an ambitious plan to upgrade its infrastructure across all sectors and all regions within the country. The energy sector witnessed a substantial upgrade in its capacity to produce, transport and distribute electricity. Egypt increased its capacity to produce electricity by at least 15 Gigawatt of electricity using very advanced, sustainable and efficient technologies. Indeed, the energy strategy aims at increasing the share of the renewable energy to reach 42% by 2035. The government has also enacted major reforms in the legal framework of its electricity sector opening the door for increased participation of the private sector and effective regulatory role of the state. All of these efforts in the energy sector are consistent with Egypt’s vision to become the energy hub of the Eastern Mediterranean.
- Egyptian network of highways witnessed major extensions and improvements. The national highway project is a much needed project to link distant parts of Egypt beyond the main cities and the Nile Valley in order to create economic opportunities and to expand beyond the narrow valley.
- The growing population consisting mainly of youth represents both a challenge and an opportunity. It is a challenge since the government needs to continuously scaling up the country’s infrastructure and housing units especially for low income groups. This explains Egypt’s heavy investment in infrastructure projects as well as social housing projects. On the other hand, this young sizeable population would be an asset if these young people obtain adequate quality education and training that prepare them for the fourth industrial revolution.
- Water scarcity within Egypt and regionally is a key challenge for the growing population; especially that the agricultural sector consumes almost two thirds of its supply of fresh water. Ensuring sustainable water resource management is a matter of high priority to the Government of Egypt.
- Egypt Vision 2030 and the 2030 Agenda are implemented by engaging all stakeholders. The role of the private sector and the civil society is key in the realization of these goals. The inclusivity and transformability aspects of the 2030 Agenda and its national counterpart necessitate active contribution of the private sector and the civil society in the achievement of all the goals. The Government of Egypt realizes this fact and is capitalizing on the positive synergies between the governmental efforts, private sector efforts and civil society efforts to achieve this ambitious agenda.
- At the national level, In December 2015, a national inter-ministerial committee, established by Prime Ministerial Decree was established (for which the Ministry of International Cooperation has been assigned the role of coordinator and rapporteur) to follow up on the implementation of the SDGs, and ensure proper alignment and integration of the SDGs with Egypt’s sustainable development strategies and priorities. Monitoring and evaluation units have been established in line ministries to support the monitoring of relevant programs and policies. The reactivation of the Strategic Planning and Monitoring and Evaluation Unit in the Ministry of International Cooperation took place in 2015 and was established within the institutional structure of the Ministry. The objective of the unit is to enhance effective development cooperation through all stages of the Official Development Assistance (ODA) management cycle. In April 2016, a Sustainable Development Unit (SDU) within the National Statistical Agency (CAPMAS) was established to lead the monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the SDGs and Egypt Vision 2030.. Furthermore, Egypt has coordinated closely UN agencies providing technical assistance in establishing the necessary mechanisms and sharing relevant tools to support the SDGs at the national level.
- At the sectoral level; to localize the SDGs, a number of projects, programs, and initiatives working toward achieving the SDGs have been launched or are in the process of being initiated. They cover the three dimensions of sustainable development. These projects cover the whole spectrum of the ten pillars of the SDS and the 17 SDGs. A key priority of these efforts is to ensure that those who are most in need, especially youth; women, individuals with special needs; and individuals in underserved areas are effectively targeted and their standards of living improved. In fact, Year 2016 was announced as the Year of the Youth. An example of these projects is the recently launched Social Housing Programme, which aims to improve the affordability of formal housing for low-income households and is expected to reach more than 3.6 million beneficiaries in the lowest income groups, across several Governorates, and to replace 150 thousand housing units in slum areas. Another example is the Takaful and Karama (Solidarity and Dignity) social protection programs, which are cash transfer programs conditional on households in which children are enrolled in school and undertake regular medical examinations.
- At the regional level, Egypt, along with African countries, is working through the African Union Commission (AUC) and the United Nations to integrate implementations of both Agenda 2063 and the SDGs. Egypt hosted the African Regional Forum on Sustainable Development. Most recently, Egypt has also organized High Level Meeting for National Reviews for the six voluntary countries presenting their national review at the 2016 High Level Political in Cairo in May 2016. In line with its historical commitment to support developing countries, especially in Africa, Egypt is sharing its successful experiences for promoting sustainable development in these countries through the Egyptian Agency for Partnership for Development (EAPD) that provides capacity, building, sharing of expertise and providing development assistance, through various models for trilateral, bilateral and South-South cooperation. Another successful example of regional cooperation is Cairo Centre for Conflict Resolution and Peacekeeping in Africa (CCCPA) which is at the forefront of national، regional and international efforts to provide " African Solutions to African Problems', focusing on peacekeeping, peace building, and crisis management in post-conflict situations.
- At the international level, Egypt was actively engaged in the two-year negotiation process that led to the adoption of the 2030 Agenda and will remain committed and actively engaged in the setting of the parameters of the follow-up and review process of the SDGs in future. This is reflected through Egypt’s volunteering to undertake the first national review of the 2016 High Level Political Forum (HLPF), to be among the pioneering countries that are presenting these reviews in the first HLPF since the adoption of the SDGs.
Ministry of International Cooperation
Arab Republic of Egypt
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With Egypt's plans for renewable energy becoming more vigorous, Egyptian government has introduced its Long-Term Plan for Wind Energy policy to achieve a sustainable energy transition. Source: UNEP (2011) Green Economy . Advisory Services. Achieving a sustainable energy transition is one of the major challenges but also represents opportunities for Egypt. The Egyptian Supreme Council of Energy approved the "Long-Term Plan for Wind Energy" and fixed a target to meet 20% of electricity needs with renewable energy by 2020, with 12 per cent coming from wind energy. In 2009, Egypt attracted US$490 ...[more]
Egypt is committed to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs and has already taken important steps. In February 2016, Egypt officially launched its Sustainable Development Strategy: Egypt Vision 2030. The strategy spans the 3 dimensions of SD, namely; economic, social and environmental. Efforts are underway to align the Strategy’s key performance indicators to the 2030 Agenda and the SDGs. The Government formally expressed to the UN system in Egypt, including UNDP, its needs for coordination and technical support to advance with the roll-out of the 2030 Agenda. These include stakeh...[more]
It is an initiative to create communication channels between scientists and the community in the Middle East Region and North Africa for sustainable development and citizenship as science is the core of sustainable development. Source: International - Curricula Educators Association It is an initiative to create communication channels between scientists and the community in the Middle East Region and North Africa for sustainable development and citizenship as science is the core of sustainable development, through the following: 1) Educational Reform: A- Lobbying for reforming science curri...[more]
Egypt's Sixth Five-Year Plan (2007 - 2012) contains seven programs for environmental protection. Source: UNEP (2011) Green Economy . Advisory Services. The plan's seven programs for environmental protection are as follows: waste management, improving air quality, improving water quality, eradicating industrial pollution, environmental protection, training and environmental awareness, and decentralization in environment administration.